How to Fertilize Clematis (and other flowering plants)
When I first started growing clematis plants and was learning about how to fertilize clematis, I learned about the N-P-K numbers found on plant fertilizer packages. N-P-K is short for Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium. These are the primary components of plant fertilizer, and the numbers are always listed in N-P-K order. For example, the numbers 10-10-10 might be prominently listed on a fertilizer bag.
The fertilizer numbers represent the percentages of each primary nutrient in the fertilizer. A 10-10-10 fertilizer contains 10% nitrogen, 10% phosphorus and 10% potassium.
I learned that these numbers could be interpreted as Up, Down, All Around.
- Up referred to plant foliage
- Down referred to plant roots
- All Around meant plant vigor and strength
As I became experienced in growing clematis, I gained a mentor in Holland named Ton Hannink. Ton is a retired clematis expert who now devotes his time to clematis breeding and collecting.
Way before the “blossom booster” fertilizer formulas were popular, I learned from Ton that the best way to impact a plant’s flowering is with phosphorus. The amount of phosphorus should be higher than the nitrogen or the potassium. For example, the numbers on a bag or package with a high phosphorus content might be 10-20-10. The middle number needs to be higher.
Tips on how to fertilize clematis
The cardinal rule for clematis is to avoid high-nitrogen fertilizers. These promote foliage growth, and you do not want a foliage-heavy plant with few blooms.
Potassium can be an interesting with problem clematis. Boosting potassium can bring a “shy-to-flower” clematis into bloom. I prefer to do this by adding humic acid to a 10-30-20 fertilizer. However, there are now formulas that have a K content that is higher than the nitrogen—but phosphorus is still the largest number in the ratio. (For example, 10-20-15.)
Clematis are adaptable and resourceful plants and a few applications of 10-30-20 per growing season will meet most needs. Clematis also can grow well in a wide range of soil pH values, but a more acidic soil or planting medium can enhance flower color that seems flat or not vibrant.
Fertilizers for clematis
My lessons in how to fertilize clematis taught me that, for best flowering, clematis thrive on 10-30-20. These are good fertilizers for clematis:
Jack’s Classic Blossom Booster Fertilizer
This excellent fertilizer quickly dissolves in water to make an easy-to-use liquid. Jack’s Classic Blossom Booster has the 10-30-20 that is perfect to promote flowering in clematis plants—and many other flowering perennials. This is one of the best “blossom booster” formulas on the market. It is blended with enhanced micronutrients that provide optimal nutrition for strong roots and green foliage. Check Price on Amazon
Peters Professional Bloom Booster
Peters Professional 10-30-20 fertilizer is a time-tested formula that improves the density and size of flowers. It encourages flower production and healthy root development. It’s great for flowering perennials and shrubs. It is also proven to increase the yield of fruit and vegetable plants. Contains NO UREA. Recommended for potted or mounted orchids, and all flowering house plants. Check Price on Amazon
Grow More Hawaiian Bud and Bloom
This might be the highest phosphorus fertilizer on the market. The N-P-K is 5-50-17! Hawaiian Bud and Bloom is a water-soluble concentrate. Just mix the granules with water (1 teaspoon per gallon). Then apply the fertilizer to the soil or spray it on the plant. Designed specifically for flower production. Check Price on Amazon
GS Plant Foods Organic Liquid Humic Acid
Humic acid is an excellent additive to a fertilizing program. Humic acid helps plants absorb the nutrients in the soil as well as the fertilizers that are added to improve plant health and growth. Works on virtually all types of plants (including lawns), but clematis really seem to love it. Check Price on Amazon
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For more tips about how to grow flowering clematis, read Debunking Clematis Myths.